Network File System (NFS) is a distributed file system protocol originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1984, allowing an user on a client computer to access files over a network much like local storage is accessed. NFS, like many other protocols, builds on the Open Network Computing Remote Procedure Call (ONC RPC) system.
The significant presence of Network Filesystem Storage (NFS) in the datacenter today, as well as the lower cost-per-port for IP based Storage, has lead to many people wanting to deploy virtualization environments with Network Attached Storage (NAS) shared storage resources. VMware offers support for almost all features and functions on NFS – as it does for vSphere on SAN. Running vSphere on NFS is a very viable option for many virtualization deployments as it offers strong performance and stability if configured correctly. NFS is relative easy to design, configure and manage. When configured correctly it offers strong performance and stability. Deployment of ESXi with IP based storage is common and widely seen in the field.
Before NFS storage can be addressed by an ESX server, the following issues need to be addressed:
- Have a virtual switch configured for IP based storage.
- The ESX hosts needs to be configured to enable its NFS client.
- The NFS storage server needs to have been configured to export a mount point that is accessible to the ESX server on a trusted network.
Today we are going to show how to add new NFS datastore on vSphere 6.5. We will create a simple NFS share on Windows Server 2012 R2 and then present to the esxi host.
- Add NFS role and features related to nfs sharing in Windows Server.
- Create a folder on drive that has enough space and click Properties. Go to NFS Sharing tab and Manage NFS Sharing… option.
Type of Access choose “Read-Write” and Allow root access. In Add Names textarea enter the IP or FQDN of the hosts that will access this NFS share. Click OK.
- Open your vCenter Server and go to Home -> Hosts and Clusters and right-click on Datacenter -> Storage -> New Datastore